React Patterns: Best Practices for Reusable Components

React is a popular JavaScript library that allows you to build reusable UI components. Reusability is one of the key benefits of React, as it allows you to save time and reduce code duplication. However, building reusable components can be challenging, especially when it comes to managing state and handling complex logic. In this article, we’ll explore some best practices for building reusable React components.

Container and Presentational Components

One of the most common patterns in React is the Container and Presentational component pattern. This pattern separates the logic and state management from the UI rendering. Container components handle the logic and state management, while Presentational components handle the UI rendering. This pattern allows you to build reusable Presentational components that can be used in different parts of your application.

Higher-Order Components

Higher-Order Components (HOCs) are another popular pattern in React. HOCs are functions that take a component as input and return a new component with additional functionality. For example, you could create an HOC that adds authentication or authorization to a component. HOCs allow you to reuse code across different components, making it easier to manage complex logic.

Render Props

Render Props is another pattern that allows you to reuse code across different components. Render Props involves passing a function as a prop to a component, which allows the component to render the result of the function. For example, you could pass a function that calculates the current date and time to a component, allowing the component to render the current date and time.

Controlled Components

Controlled Components are components that rely on props to manage their state. This pattern involves passing state and event handling functions down to child components as props. This allows you to manage the state of the child components from the parent component, making it easier to handle complex UI interactions.

Compound Components

Compound Components are a pattern that allows you to build complex components by combining smaller, reusable components. Compound components consist of multiple components that work together to form a single, cohesive UI element. This pattern allows you to create reusable components that are easy to use and maintain.


React is a powerful tool for building reusable UI components. By following best practices such as Container and Presentational Components, Higher-Order Components, Render Props, Controlled Components, and Compound Components, you can build reusable components that are easy to manage and maintain. Remember to keep your components as simple and decoupled as possible, as this will make them more flexible and easier to reuse across different parts of your application.