Building a Single Page Application with Node.js and Angular

Single Page Applications (SPAs) have become increasingly popular due to their fast and responsive user experience. Angular, a popular JavaScript framework, provides developers with a powerful toolset for building robust and dynamic SPAs. In this article, we will explore how to build a simple SPA with Node.js and Angular.

  1. Setting up the Development Environment

Before we start building our SPA, we need to set up our development environment. We will use Node.js to manage dependencies and run our application, and Angular to build the client-side code.

To get started, create a new directory for your project and run the following command in your terminal:

npm init

This will initialize a new Node.js project and create a package.json file in your project directory.

Next, install the necessary dependencies by running the following commands:

npm install --save express
npm install --save-dev nodemon

The express package is a popular Node.js web framework that we will use to build our server, while nodemon is a tool that automatically restarts the server when changes are made to the code.

We also need to install Angular by running the following command:

npm install --save-dev @angular/cli

This will install the Angular CLI (Command Line Interface), which we will use to create and manage our Angular application.

  1. Creating the Server

Now that we have set up our development environment and installed the necessary dependencies, we can start building our server.

Create a new file called server.js in your project directory and add the following code:

const express = require('express');
const app = express();


app.get('*', (req, res) => {
  res.sendFile(__dirname + '/dist/index.html');

const port = process.env.PORT || 3000;

app.listen(port, () => {
  console.log(`Server listening on port ${port}`);

This code creates an Express server that serves static files from the dist directory. It also sets up a catch-all route that sends the index.html file in the dist directory for all other routes. This is necessary for Angular’s routing to work correctly.

  1. Creating the Angular Application

With our server in place, we can now create the Angular application. Run the following command in your terminal to create a new Angular project:

ng new my-app

This will create a new Angular application called my-app. Navigate into the newly created directory and run the following command to build the application:

ng build --prod

This will build the Angular application in production mode and output the compiled files to the dist directory. The --prod flag enables optimization and minification of the code, which is necessary for production-ready applications.

  1. Running the Application

Now that we have created the server and built the Angular application, we can run the application by starting the server with nodemon:

nodemon server.js

This will start the server and watch for changes in the code. Whenever changes are made to the server or client-side code, nodemon will automatically restart the server.


In this article, we have explored how to build a simple SPA with Node.js and Angular. By using Node.js for the server-side code and Angular for the client-side code, we were able to create a fast and responsive application that provides a seamless user experience. With this basic understanding of building SPAs, you can further customize and enhance your application to fit your specific needs and preferences.